Market analysis of the hottest Chinese packaging p

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Market analysis of China's packaging paperboard (Part 2)

now that China has entered the WTO, the competition between this large number of newly formed domestic production capacity and imported coated white paperboard, coated white paperboard and white paperboard will be very fierce

in addition to being widely used in food packaging, corrugated boxes can also be used to pack furniture, large electrical appliances, textiles and rubber products. The corrugated boxes developed in recent years can be used to pack small goods and sold on supermarket shelves. Due to the structural characteristics of corrugated board itself, it has a high strength/weight ratio and is a very excellent packaging material; In addition, papermaking fiber can be recycled, which makes this packaging material more popular in modern society, which attaches great importance to environmental protection. According to statistics, the global consumption of corrugated materials is about 100 million tons, with an average annual increase of 3.6% from 1999 to 2001. It is predicted that it will continue to increase at a rate of 3.5% per year in the next 10 years. The per capita consumption of corrugated materials is the highest in North America, with 100kg/year, followed by 72kg/year in Japan, followed by Western Europe (43kg/year), Australia and New Zealand (36kg/year). The population of the above four regions accounts for only 15% of the world, while the consumption of corrugated materials accounts for 68% of the global consumption. This shows the relationship between the consumption level of corrugated materials and the level of national economic development. This study takes the electro-hydraulic high-frequency fatigue testing machine as the object. The per capita consumption of corrugated materials in the world is 14kg, while that in China is 7.6kg. The per capita consumption of corrugated materials in China is only half of that in the world. Corrugated paper production is closely related to a country's economic growth. The growth rate of paper production and demand is one of the first indicators of a country's economy. Generally speaking, the growth of the paper market in various countries is basically in line with the country's economic growth rate. In the simplest way, the faster the economy develops, the more things it produces, the more packaging boxes it needs, and corrugated packaging accounts for a considerable proportion in the packaging field. As far as Chinese Mainland and Hong Kong are concerned, their economic growth is highly related to the staff's need to remember the correct wiring methods. The output of corrugated paper is even more highly related, especially the domestic demand of light industries such as food, beverages, electrical appliances and toys and the development of export markets have a considerable impact on the increase and decrease of corrugated paper demand

looking at the corrugated base paper market in the recent period, on the whole, the supply of domestic paper has increased, It has a great impact on the price trend of imported base paper, and the number of imported base paper has also increased rapidly. In 2000, China produced 5.5 million tons of corrugated base paper, of which the high-strength part was 1.5 million tons. In 2000, the import volume of corrugated base paper was 1.3068 million tons, an increase of 20.15% over the previous year. This is the fastest growing variety of imported paper products, and in the future, especially the high-strength part still needs to be imported in large quantities. In terms of price, it has been relatively stable recently without major fluctuations. During this period, the prices of several main varieties of base paper have increased and decreased slightly, but the fluctuation ranges are similar. Compared with the fierce fighting in the white card market, corrugated base paper is calm in the paper industry

however, this pattern does not mean that the price prospect of corrugated base paper is clear. In recent years, the supply of domestic paper has increased, and new manufacturers have constantly entered the market to participate in competition. Taking Shenzhen and Hong Kong as examples, the total amount of imported paper from abroad by the main manufacturers of corrugated boxes has decreased by 40%, but in general, these major manufacturers in the corrugated paper industry still play a supporting role in the positioning of domestic paper, In addition to unstable factors in quality, domestic paper also has problems in commercial operation. On the surface, it seems that the price is unstable. In-depth analysis, it mainly lies in the failure to form an orderly market operation

domestic corrugated base paper manufacturers are many, small-scale and weak, and they do not have enough confidence in the delivery date of bulk orders, resulting in buyers' lack of confidence in the mainland corrugated base paper suppliers in terms of delivery date guarantee, and dare not choose medium and long-term futures procurement. Instead, most of them focus on spot procurement, and the mentality of purchasing with money is naturally strong. On the one hand, in order to stabilize their production and ensure the supply of raw materials, buyers have to spend money to hoard some spot goods, which naturally takes up a lot of money and affects the turnover of funds. Therefore, the price of goods has to be pressed by three points; On the other hand, as the seller, the base paper manufacturer received most of the short-term orders, had no confidence in the forward market or uncertain about the price, and the orders were unstable. For ten and a half days, the products were overstocked, so it was unable to carry them, and the price was reduced and sold off. In an instant, the price fluctuated. This is the current situation between domestic corrugated base paper suppliers and users

China's high-strength corrugated base paper market has considerable investment space. With the large-scale entry of foreign capital into China's paper industry, the domestic production of medium and high-grade paper and paperboard has increased rapidly in the past two years, and the varieties whose consumption is greater than the output growth are rare, among which high-strength corrugated base paper is the most prominent. According to the prediction of authoritative departments, by 2005, the supply and demand gap of China's high-strength corrugated base paper will be as high as 1.6 million tons, which is one of the most promising paper and paperboard varieties at present. However, due to the low value of corrugated base paper, low profits, it is not easy to attract investors' investment, and there are not as many new projects as cardboard, which can not meet the requirements for high-quality corrugated base paper. Imported products rise year by year, and the supply is very tight. Recently, Wuxi Rongcheng paper changed the investment of the original carton board to the project of corrugated base paper, with a capacity of 170000 tons/year. In addition, Shandong Linqing's project of using wheat straw semi chemical pulp and waste paper to produce high-strength corrugated base paper has been approved by the State Planning Commission and will be started recently. In recent years, China plans to build and expand few corrugated base paper projects, and the newly increased production capacity is not large. Even if the projects currently planned to be launched are put into operation on time, there will be at least a gap of more than 1 million tons by 2005. At the same time, the international market resources of corrugated base paper are insufficient, which may be related to the low added value of this product. In addition to these large projects, it is worth mentioning that there are more than 100 small paper mills producing corrugated base paper in Daxi Town, Xinmi, Henan Province, with a total capacity of 1million tons/year, and an actual production of 700000-800000 tons/year. The product quality is low document grade C paper, and the benefits are also very poor, with little or no profits. Most of the pollution is untreated, seriously endangering the environment. What is the way out for these small paper mills? It is difficult to maintain the status quo and continue to survive, either by controlling pollution and upgrading products, or by natural elimination

from 1990 to 1999, when China's paper consumption increased rapidly, the consumption of high-strength corrugated base paper increased by nearly 30% annually, ranking second only to coated white paperboard. In 2001, the consumption of high-strength corrugated original local amplification paper not only increased by 13.9% (the second largest increase among the main paper products), reaching 2.95 million tons, but also became one of the few varieties whose consumption growth was faster than the output growth. Last year, the demand gap has expanded to 1.15 million tons. According to the "Tenth Five Year Plan" of the paper industry, the annual consumption of high-strength corrugated base paper will reach 4.8 million tons in 2005

the consumption demand of high-strength corrugated base paper is growing rapidly, and the gap between domestic supply and demand is large. The situation of relying heavily on imports is difficult to change in recent years. Last year, China's major imports of paper products fell significantly, while the import of high-strength corrugated base paper increased by more than 13%, close to 1.18 million tons, accounting for 21% of the total import of paper and paperboard. According to the analysis of relevant experts, due to the low added value of corrugated base paper for a long time, domestic paper-making enterprises that produce packaging board are generally optimistic about products with high added value and large demand, such as Kraft linerboard and white paperboard, resulting in few corrugated base paper projects planned to be newly built and expanded. In terms of market, corrugated base paper is developing towards low quantity, high strength and full specification. There is a large demand for medium strength and high strength corrugated base paper, and the price is rising

now many domestic enterprises have realized the market demand for high-strength corrugated base paper and are doing everything possible to improve their production capacity. In 2001, the production capacity of coated high-grade corrugated core paper in Shandong Province has reached 280000 tons; Jiangsu Province plans to build a number of large-scale projects using waste paper to produce high-strength corrugated base paper. The production capacity will reach 200000 tons, 400000 tons and 1.3 million tons in 2005, 2010 and 2020 respectively. In 2001, Jiangsu Wuxi Rongcheng Paper Co., Ltd. signed a contract of 910million yuan with Huishan District Government of Wuchang City, invested 41 million yuan to start the phase II project of high-strength corrugated paper with an annual output of 200000 tons. At present, the third phase is still under planning, and whether the project is to be built in Jiangsu or Zhejiang has not been finalized. The development plan of Dongguan Nine Dragons Paper Co., Ltd. in Guangdong is to build six production lines to produce 2million tons/year of packaging paper including high-strength corrugated

from the perspective of investment environment, Guangdong, especially the Pearl River Delta, is one of the largest packaging paper markets in China. However, due to the large number of corrugated paper manufacturers and disorderly competition, reinvesting in production is not a wise move. Zhejiang encourages the development of high-strength corrugated base paper, gives priority to financial discount, and can enjoy relevant preferential tax policies

insiders believe that the high-strength corrugated base paper, which still maintains a large increase in China's consumer demand, should become the focus of foreign investors when investing in the paper industry or expanding production in the future. According to customs statistics, affected by the tariff reduction, the import volume of high-strength corrugated base paper soared by more than 34% in the first quarter of this year, but given that the tariff of corrugated paper has been adjusted in place, it is believed that it will not have a greater impact on the domestic market

reducing cost and quantity is still the development trend of corrugated board. Based on the requirements of environmental protection and cost, the average quantity of corrugated board, including carton board and corrugated base paper, must be reduced. The reason for the production of low weight paperboard is market demand, followed by the development of aniline printing technology and the emergence of new corrugated types in recent years. Traditional corrugated is a, C, B and D, which are mainly used for cartons requiring high strength; In recent years, new corrugated e, F and n types have been designed. The main feature is that the height of corrugated is much lower than that of traditional corrugated, which is suitable for low weight corrugated base paper. In the past, the corrugated base paper was generally 127 ~ 140g/m2, but now 90 ~ 115g/m2 has been produced, and it is estimated that 60 ~ 90g/m2 corrugated base paper ⑧ will even be produced in the future. Due to the reduction of carton board and corrugated base paper, the whole corrugated board also decreased significantly. In the past, it was generally 1000 ~ 1100g/m2, but now the ration is 600g/m2, and the ration of corrugated board in some countries is even only 500g/m2, which highlights the characteristics of high strength/weight of corrugated boxes. However, China's corrugated base paper is generally high quantitative, and there are not many whose strength can reach the national product standard a, so a considerable number of high-strength corrugated base paper have to be imported every year

although corrugated base paper is not a high value-added product, many foreign production lines are equipped with very advanced paper machines. Australia's Visy Paper Group Coolaroo paper mill has two paperboard machines. The No. 4 machine is Voith Toschi three paper machine, which produces 112 ~ 260g/m2 corrugated base paper and vermicelli paperboard, with a width of 2.5m, a speed of 700m/min, and an annual output of 120000 tons; No. 5 machine is double length, 2.8m wide, 700m/min speed, and has an annual output of 95000 tons. The No.2 Machine of Indonesia kinguang group in Serang paper mill is beloitgapformer, which was put into production in April 1996. It has a low weight corrugated base paper with a width of 6.6m and a speed of 850 ~ 950m/min. When AOCC is used as raw material, 105g/m2 corrugated base paper is produced, and when eocc and local OCC are used, 150g/m2 corrugated base paper is produced, with an annual output of 340000 tons. The corrugated paper machine to be put into operation in SAICA paper mill in Spain is Voith's duoformerbasegapformer, with a width of 8.1m and a speed of 1450m/min,

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